The background of Myanmar dates back to 3,000 B.C. when the Mon people settled the area. Much later, roughly 628 AD, the Pyu civilization established a capitol in the neighborhood of modern-day Prome. The region of Myanmar became a unified state throughout the Pagan Kingdom from 1044 – 1077. The kingdom was supported by household taxes and therefore fell into decline due to over-spending on pagodas. In 1287, Kublai Khan, the grandson of Genghis Khan, ransacked Pagan, ushering in a time of battle that would endure for centuries. However, the existence of European nations had little impact on Myanmar before the breach on the Raj in Bengal. This led directly to the British occupation of the boundaries of these states. After 60 decades, the British had complete control over Myanmar.
On a positive note, the British occupation changed Myanmar into the world’s most prominent rice exporter. But, there was a flood of Chinese and Indian immigrants who frequently enjoyed exploiting the Burman people. World War II was a period of political change in Myanmar. When the war ended, the Anti-Fascist People’s Freedom League (AFPFL) attempted to gain independence for Myanmar and succeeded in their efforts in 1947. Just three months after, the pioneer of AFPFL and the majority of his cabinet have been assassinated.
The status of Myanmar really started to go back in 1962 when General Ne Win overthrew the government and started putting a socialist government. The market crumbled since the black market soared. Many citizens lost their standing if their ancestors weren’t a part of their”first” Myanmar inhabitants. After the populous had experienced enough, what with the devaluation of the currency, they revolted with riots and people letters. Eventually, Ne Win resigned in 1988. Months of chaos followed by protests, looting and a brutal police force. Thousands perished in Yangon and other regions of the country.
Later in 1988, the State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC) was made to bring law and order back to Myanmar – visa Myanmar
. In 1993, the SLORC chose a national convention to draft a new constitution to the nation, requesting that the military be given a principal government role. The convention was not conducted democratically, hence the members which were also a part of the National League for Democracy (NLD) literally walked off. Despite the country’s important resources, its own development is hindered today by the continually unsettled politics there.